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1177 BC: The Year Civilization Collapsed (Eric Cline, PhD)

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From about 1500 BC to 1200 BC, the Mediterranean region played host to a complex cosmopolitan and globalized world-system. It may have been this very internationalism that contributed to the apocalyptic disaster that ended the Bronze Age. When the end came, the civilized and international world of the Mediterranean regions came to a dramatic halt in a vast area stretching from Greece and Italy in the west to Egypt, Canaan, and Mesopotamia in the east. Large empires and small kingdoms collapsed rapidly. With their end came the world’s first recorded Dark Ages. It was not until centuries later that a new cultural renaissance emerged in Greece and the other affected areas, setting the stage for the evolution of Western society as we know it today. Professor Eric H. Cline of The George Washington University will explore why the Bronze Age came to an end and whether the collapse of those ancient civilizations might hold some warnings for our current society.
Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience.
The views expressed in this video are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Capital Area Skeptics.

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11 жов 2016

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bcd7977
bcd7977 49 хвилин тому
This is what you wasted money on in college
Ja'quavious Moor
Ja'quavious Moor 2 години тому
35:10 .. Thats the point to the whole Docu-- you people destroyed those artifacts...
Red Storm
Red Storm 5 годин тому
Ummm....so close....if you would have only read the Egyptian and Greek Scripts. We now know what caused all of the destruction to the pyramids, Karnak, and trashed most of Europe and Asia. The alarming part is WHEN and WHAT caused it. Just a mere 3,200 years ago (1,200 BC), every civilization was hit with total devastation that cause the collapse of Egypt, Greece, Hittites and dozens of other cultures that resulted in a 300 year dark age. The shocker comes from Greek and Egyptian "Mythology" coming to life. The entire globe, as is stated by Homer and the Egyptian scripts, suffered the "Thunderbolts of Zeus". The entire planet was bombarded with a hundred years of earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic explosions and plasma discharge from the close proximity of Jupiter. This would explain the burying of monuments , observatories and also explain all of the underground cities found in Turkey. It is a time that also lines up with the Bible and the story of Moses. The Egyptians go into full detail about the millions of bodies across Libya and Egypt that cooled from the inside, out and they just threw many of the bodies into the Nile, thus turning the Nile to blood. You really have to real the accounts for yourself. It was a horrifying fight for survival across the entire spam from Northern Africa, to Southeast Asia and even as far as the North Sea. Mainstream Science claims that all of the damage was cause by the "Sea People". Are you kidding me? 70% of life was not wiped out by seven ships of nomads, sorry.
RAGE DUde
RAGE DUde 6 годин тому
My teacher forced our class to watch the whole video😤
oryray amenay
oryray amenay 8 годин тому
Grand Solar Minimum. (Look at the best estimate dates on a chart. ) You are welcome.
John S
John S 11 годин тому
Funny and very interesting topic and lecture.
Jimmy Pellas
Jimmy Pellas 22 години тому
Engel land Engel land Engel land!
Constantinos 1377
Constantinos 1377 День тому
The True People of God ''EL'' are The Philistines/Ellines originated from El-las/Greece (Myceneans,Spartans) and The Philistines/People Of The Sea (people with thalassaemia/blue) are THE LINK THAT CONNECTS ALL RACES AND ALL COLORS and that's why the Vatican,Orthodox Church,United Nations,Royals/Usurpers,Nazis,USA and every other Judaic PORPHYRIC/VAMPIRIC/RED scum ARE GENOCIDING ALL NATIVES/INDIGENOUS/ORIGINALS allover the world !!Look at Palestine,Ellas/Greece,Baskonia,Armenia,Canaan,look at Africa,look at ALL the Nations that the psychopathic zionazi Bush/Crowley ''family'' genocides for decades,look at the true American Natives ,look at the Australian Originals ,look at India,look at China ,Korea and Russia and now look at all the European Natives !!The Porphyrics/Vampirics are killing the people EVERYWHERE !!Open your eyes people !! Israel IS PORPHYRIC/VAMPIRIC and so is the Christian Church and The Rothschilds and Rockefellers are the same vampires (Porphyria in their blood) !!THE SEA WAS ALWAYS HERE...YOU WERE NOT !! Israel turned it's Royals (Palestinians/Philistines/Blue-blooded/People with Thalassaemia) into Jihadists !!STOP THE GENOCIDE OF THE PHILISTINES/PEOPLE OF THE SEA NOW !! ISRAEL DOESN'T DESERVE IT'S ''EL'' AND IT IS TIME FOR THE DOCTORS AND HOSPITALS TO GIVE US THE LISTS WITH ALL VAMPIRIC/PORPHYRIC ''PORPHYRIA'' IN THEIR BLOOD !!VAMPIRES AND ''GREYS'' GET OUT OF EARTH !! Show less
Constantinos 1377
Constantinos 1377 День тому
Thalassaemia in the blood is what connected the Royals of these people.....they were the Philistines/People of The Sea and NOT of Judaic Porphyric/Vampiric origin.And even today we are still being genocided by the Vampiric/Porphyric jews ,the Vatican,the orthodox church,usa,israel etc. etc. we are talking about genetic genocide without any reason!
Ken Fannin
Ken Fannin День тому
Excellent; thanks!
spaceheroTV
spaceheroTV День тому
I'm half way through and I'm already going, 'what a great lecture'. Brilliant exposition.
Jahim IsAmazing
Jahim IsAmazing 2 дні тому
Heres is my assignment: Take either outline, mind map, or cornell style notes on the lecture from Dr Eric Cline. This is a standard college lecture and what you will get 2 or 3 times a week in one college class. The notes weill recieve a 5 for incomplete notes, a 8 for notes that cover most of the lecture, or a 10 for quality notes that explore the lecture. After you notes write an Intro paragraph on the causes of the Bronze age collapse. This should be 2 or 3 sentences, with the last being your Thesis sentence. 5 points will be awarded for a poorly constructed intro, 8 for an intro that attempts to introduce the topic but is confusing, and a 10 for a well constructed Intro paragraph with a strong Thesis Sentence. An example if I was writing about the Collapse of Rome woule be: While history has seen many great empires emerge, few can compare to the glory and granduer that was the Roman Empire. Despite all of its power though, Rome's empire collapsed like so many before it. The ultimate collapse of Rome was caused by many favtors but the most important include the over extending of the empire, corruption at the highest levels, and an ecominc model where the cost of the empire outweighed its value. Watch the WHOLE lecture. This is a top notch presentation done by one of the best in the world. Considered for a Pulitzer Prize for his recent book 1177 BC, Dr. Eric H. Cline is Professor of Classics and Anthropology and the current Director of the Capitol Archaeological Institute at The George Washington University. He is a National Geographic Explorer, a Fulbright scholar, an NEH Public Scholar, and an award-winning teacher and author. He has degrees in archaeology and ancient history from Dartmouth, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania; in May 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctoral degree (honoris causa) from Muhlenberg College. Dr. Cline is an active field archaeologist with 30 seasons of excavation and survey experience. Please complete it for me.
David miorgan
David miorgan 2 дні тому
In the end it sounds like the EU is a bad idea!
David miorgan
David miorgan 2 дні тому
I've never heard even one time from historians the simplest fact that when there was excess the age of theft truly dawned, to steal by force, when theft became the main occupation, that is the secret destructive event which occurred! It has always been easier and more profitable to murder rape and steal than to work, like all trends in thought and action, the theft trend swept away all before it, the signs and symptoms of this are glaringly obvious. That is what happened, even the bible basically says the Hebrews borrowed heavily unto the Egyptians, and blah blah blah, theft is the destroying force, we have seen how it worked for the Spaniards. If you didn't know about the Spaniards and tried to figure out what happened to the Inca and Aztecs you would come up with all kinds of crap, but it was humans who destroyed it, Theft is truly the most destructive force the worlds civilisations have ever faced and will face in the future!
Skrt Skrt
Skrt Skrt 3 дні тому
hmu with some notes
Thereis Hope
Thereis Hope 4 дні тому
I see an analogy here- BUILD THAT WALL NOW! WWG1WGA
Scott Anderson
Scott Anderson 5 днів тому
50:00 I wonder if they had a brawl over it.
Scott Anderson
Scott Anderson 5 днів тому
It's good until 24:00 when he blames climate change. This is of course impossible because there were no Republicans born yet to cause it.
Nicholas Carlough
Nicholas Carlough 5 днів тому
How do we know this was trade and not a gift economy?
Nicholas Carlough
Nicholas Carlough 5 днів тому
Do people leave there dead under fallen structures after an earthquake?
HeavyMetalRuinedMyLife1971
HeavyMetalRuinedMyLife1971 6 днів тому
Nice 'one eye' symbology ...
Ray Gordon Teaches Chess
Ray Gordon Teaches Chess 7 днів тому
Eventually a financial system accumulates too much debt or other crap and has to be reset. Now we do it through printing money.
x iLeon
x iLeon 7 днів тому
Aren't the Phoenecians really the most apt to fit the description "Sea Peoples"???? And doesn't Zukerman's argument rule out the rest (esp. the earthquake that Cline follows up with!) wrt Canaan?
Troy Woo
Troy Woo 8 днів тому
Can I say this is history done right?
haynesptrn
haynesptrn 8 днів тому
So, he questions whether or not the Exodus took place; but, he believes the Trojan war happened. Got it- he teaches history from the perspective of the heathen.
Butt Erscotch
Butt Erscotch 9 днів тому
1200BC and there is no China or India as a civilisation? Man you are missing out a huge part of the history as a professor... hahahaha
Irving Kurlinski
Irving Kurlinski 9 днів тому
This is only the middle east that he's talking about. China was flourishing for millenia.
Baf Lange
Baf Lange 10 днів тому
Edit - 2016
Jackie Gfeller
Jackie Gfeller 11 днів тому
Very interesting!
cbmtrx
cbmtrx 11 днів тому
~32:00 Why would an invading army fleeing famine burn grain stores and destroy vineyards?
Poker Face
Poker Face 12 днів тому
My Facebook account just got hacked! It's the Sea Peoples!
Nol baker
Nol baker 13 днів тому
Well first off the Minoans were taken out by the eruption of the Island of Santorini in 1628 BC so im not sure why he included them at 21.24 in the vid. Plus the fact it is now know also be the Era of the exodus because of the climate change in Egypt was the source of the plagues and then the exodus.
SJ R
SJ R 13 днів тому
I did a quick search, there are at least 10 more UKvid Dr Eric H.Cline Videos
Qaz Xsw
Qaz Xsw 13 днів тому
I wonder why he doubts some records and Seemingly takes others as fact.
MILO BROWN
MILO BROWN 14 днів тому
Just another troll riding the tail coat of Graham Hancock. Figures.
Rick T
Rick T 15 днів тому
Trump 2020
GenXer
GenXer 16 днів тому
Sir, I dare say that this is all the result of the Minoan eruption of Thera. Mt Santorini 1642-1540 BCE. Climate change. My two cents worth. Sincerely...
franzitaduz
franzitaduz 16 днів тому
Wonderful lecture that is very relevant to our times.. I first heard of this period of history from a lecture by Bruce Gore . His is the best mix of the historical events out of Egyptian history (that excludes any reference to the Exodus) that secular scholars accept and a comparison of the events noted in the Bible( which does give an account of an Exodus). Here is the link: ukvid.net/video/відео-iYZF09T5Klk.html
mcburcke
mcburcke 16 днів тому
The volcanic eruption of Thera and the resulting tsunami and environmental changes they caused were also a major stressor of the eastern Mediterranean civilizations.
John Morton
John Morton 16 днів тому
I'm curious is there any indication where the Sea People's come from. I know a bunch of Stories from many 1st century historians but are the Sea People the equivalent of Atlantis in term's of Origin.
Chan Ho Woo
Chan Ho Woo 16 днів тому
It's always old people and never a single young person that's attending stuff like this lmao
Nvidia4000
Nvidia4000 7 днів тому
Because the young ones are busy protesting for abortion.
Chaya Susanne Golan
Chaya Susanne Golan 17 днів тому
Fascinating lecture! (Did anybody else notice, though, that all the Ugarit/Hittite correspondence showed the same clay tablet?)
VibrationsfromMirror
VibrationsfromMirror 18 днів тому
Suffice to say, we find Great Fires and much floored and flooded in America. They were here too. China is blocked off, when, during Mongol invasions or the Portuguese Empire that comes up quick not long after this time period? No mention of the tsunami and eq that wiped out many only in 1755. End of another era but still within 1000 years of dates that may have been changed.
William O'Toole
William O'Toole 18 днів тому
The Mediterranean could have had a 'turned over'. This happens to large bodies of water ( like the Black Sea). The bigger the volume the longer it takes to occur. ( it happens in small lakes and dams all the time - almost every year) In this case the deeper water become infused with poison gasses from rotting material which make it lighter than the body of water above it. Then there is a switch. The change of pressure releases the gasses and they travel over land killing anything nearby. It is sudden and to escape it you have to move to higher ground. It fits all the 'results'. I've mentioned this as a hypothesis to a number of archaeologists and they dismiss it with zero thought.
Lisa Buss
Lisa Buss 19 днів тому
It's obvious he loves his job and being able to share it. Wonderful. Thank you, Dr. Cline. Well done.
Watersmith53
Watersmith53 22 дні тому
I don't know how this got to my home page, but I am glad it did, outside of the fact that I "wasted" over an hour of my morning. This was great, and I wanted more.
HolyMith
HolyMith 22 дні тому
That ship going down with all those amazing, fine, valuable goods made me upset haha. Can you imagine how gutted you would be if you were a king waiting on the resources to outfit a new army, the coloured glass and pottery to decorate your palace and the ivory to fashion into gifts for your friends and family, and it never arrives? Or worse, the merchant who purchased and transported all of these goods? If he wasn't aboard the vessel himself, you have to wonder if that was his whole livelihood sinking to the bottom of the sea. The biggest deal of his life crashing down and lost amidst a storm.
Captain Kidd
Captain Kidd 23 дні тому
Its very plausible the Exodus is factual. This is precisely the time frame in which this event took place. the plagues in Egypt happened due to your reasoning and because of the civil unrest, the Israelite's were able to leave. Moses gave God (yaweh) the glory for letting them go, however, these events allowed them to pretty much just pack up and run. If there was severe drought they could have crossed at the lake of Tanis (a much more plausible place where winds could easily part the waters. ( www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/12/08/no-really-there-is-a-scientific-explanation-for-the-parting-of-the-red-sea-in-exodus/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.1db710962176 ). They stayed in Kadesh-barnea because it was the only place they could live during the drought. The manna from God they ate were actually Mushrooms grown from the morning dew. Moses and a small group were followers of Yaweh but pretty much everyone else were pagans just trying to flee hence the idol worship and Moses being upset and throwing a fit. By the time they made it to Canaan it had already been sacked, so easy pickings. I am convinced this did happen.
David Lupica
David Lupica 24 дні тому
Droughts, system collapse, and rebellion are happening at all times, someplace in the world. Look at native american culture. Look at sub-saharan african culture.
FOREVERQUIETFUNCTION MULTITALENTSILENT*FUNCTION
ABOUT 800 000 SISTERS WHO LIVE IN MY HEART ...
Bob Smithies
Bob Smithies 23 дні тому
Stupid name
Rebecca Young
Rebecca Young 25 днів тому
We are in the IRON age.
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
Space age
Chananiah Mordecai
Chananiah Mordecai 25 днів тому
'The land of Canaan being in ruins as a result of a web of events creating a power vacuum of which the Israelites availed themselves.' That sounds like a wirl wind of DIVINE PROVIDENCE to secure the Holy Land for the Israelites, which would otherwise had been impossible. In other words, nature conspired to establish monotheism in the heart of pagan civilization.
Amazing Philippines
Amazing Philippines 26 днів тому
Thanks for this very interesting presentation.
FOREVERQUIETFUNCTION MULTITALENTSILENT*FUNCTION
TRUE WELL FOR SISTER ALSO NOT ONLY FAKE THINGS . TOM FOR HOUSE FOR BOTH IN FACT STATUE IS OK WE KNO W WHICH ONE IS THE ONE ! HOUSE SIMPLE IN WEET WEEKS ....
Nmethyltransferase
Nmethyltransferase 27 днів тому
Who else was disappointed when it turned out that Eric Cline didn't have a Scottish accent?
tomslub
tomslub 27 днів тому
Great lecture, Dr. Cline looks like a teacher you could listen all day long. :)
Yusef Endure
Yusef Endure 28 днів тому
Why are you still using 'BC?' It's unscientific. Before the Common Era (BCE) is the designation many scientists & scholars are using today because it removes Christian domination and because it's impossible to date the birth of Jesus Christ...if he lived at all as there is zero hard evidence for his existence.
Lesenio Konokorana
Lesenio Konokorana 26 днів тому
​+Yusef Endure it would be more honest to say "I have no clue how to prove that I am not a bot".
Yusef Endure
Yusef Endure 27 днів тому
+Lesenio Konokorana It would be more honest to say "I' can't prove Christ was anything more than a myth." Evading the issue of the historicity of Jesus Christ proves you've got no evidence and no argument. Third party, independent eye-witnesses can easily prove that Christ was a man not myth. The problem is that none of the above exists, so all you have is opinion, cognitive dissonance and denial.
Lesenio Konokorana
Lesenio Konokorana 27 днів тому
+Yusef Endure What evidence do you have that you exist?
Yusef Endure
Yusef Endure 27 днів тому
+Lesenio Konokorana What date was Jesus Christ born? What evidence do you have that this person existed?
Lesenio Konokorana
Lesenio Konokorana 27 днів тому
I had zero evidence that you live. You may be bot or other kind of AI programmed to deceive people.
Johny Relax
Johny Relax 28 днів тому
i literaly sat through the entire vid,i love history,i wish i went to college to study it,this proffesor is amazing,what a joy to wach..
Ben Quinlan
Ben Quinlan Місяць тому
Reference to the weather ... He's charming lol
Jeremy Kirkpatrick
Jeremy Kirkpatrick Місяць тому
He has a book of the same name. I can highly recommend it
Joseph Mitchell
Joseph Mitchell Місяць тому
We are here explains why I can feel so well my past life.
Bundle of Perceptions
Bundle of Perceptions Місяць тому
They obviously were tech savvy enough to handle their Y-1.2K problem -- that's why their civilization needed to be rebooted -- they didn't even have DOS back then.
Joos YouLose
Joos YouLose Місяць тому
Understand Christian Identity. All falls into place.
choknuti
choknuti Місяць тому
Is it just me or does he sound a little like Bill Clinton?
Mom Is Watching You
Mom Is Watching You Місяць тому
So... California: Drought? Check. Built atop faults? Check. Climate change? Check. Invasion of "Si" People? Check. What could possibly go wrong? :)-
kenneth keen
kenneth keen Місяць тому
This was about as disappointing as one could ever imagine. Just lists of names and dates with no significant development. Nothing cementing the whole story together so I would confirm this is just s click bate American 'wanna be an intellectual' nonsense from some guy who considers himself to be 'important' but who in fact is just the product of American education...and we all know what value American education has in the world today.
Aryan Truth
Aryan Truth Місяць тому
To fill in all the gaps where "we don't know the cause"......simply write in JEWS. Whose every holiday celebrates the genocides of civilization builders. Easy peasy and totally true.
drewjacobsracing
drewjacobsracing Місяць тому
Migration? All the wall arguing today...
onenikkione
onenikkione Місяць тому
SO his book and/or this video started all of the "Prepping". I better order another 1000 rounds of ammo, just in case he's right.
onenikkione
onenikkione Місяць тому
at 24:00 he uses the term Climate Change that occurred in 1200 BC don't show this to Al Gore
Marija Djuric
Marija Djuric Місяць тому
What a wonderful professor. The thing that is infuriating about understanding true history is chronology. It is almost impossible to put together real stories when we know the chronology has been so tampered with. Once that year zero was artificially interjected, we can no longer tell when is what. Also, official history completely ignores the Balkan peninsula (the Helm) in these time periods - when it was clearly an integral, if not one of the central, originating areas of these periods.
Michael Brogan
Michael Brogan Місяць тому
oh and to the presenter hamurhabis code indeed dealt with the return of sandals you just didnt read the meaning in the law given from the gods, which takes some reading but eventually covers almost every known problem of even our complex times.... just read and re read and you will find it ironically in the most obvious place.
Michael Brogan
Michael Brogan Місяць тому
when we watch these lectures and everyone watching gives their perspective of the happenings i never get tired of being asonished at the names of the relevant sites Turkey Egypt Iran Afghanistan syria, etc...all places that fighting is going on, all places America is trying to exercise control, and all places of great historic significance. I love this guys solemn devotion to science and the method without hyperbole. I think however its sometimes disingenuous to say that noone knows these things surely they do but try to get funding if you expose these connections between war torn countries and the historical significance to the human record... science tends to be dishonest in their revelations to procure future funding that may reveal what they have found, but in reality never will because noone wants to relearn history let alone learn it in the first place, including this guy.
yorr persona
yorr persona Місяць тому
Undeniably, you have a more accurate and descriptive version of what went down during this time period within the Hebrew texts. You are suppressing the truth for monetary reasons suggested from the global so-called "elite". You try soooo hard to keep a job.
Geoffrey Harris
Geoffrey Harris Місяць тому
Note that the Latins came to Italy and the celts to Ireland and the Dorians to Greece a little aftr this time, closer to 1000 BC.
Geoffrey Harris
Geoffrey Harris Місяць тому
I don't think the Persian Empire was around in 1200 BC. Had Zoroastra lived yet? Maybe the Mitanni or Medean, one of those pre-Persian, Empires or at least state was extant.
steve nunua
steve nunua Місяць тому
Catastrophic events. Extreme weather and sun acting up.
Marilyn Sagor
Marilyn Sagor Місяць тому
Climate change causing drought? How stupid. How about the mass felling of trees to build houses, cities and trading sea vessels?? No trees = no transport and holding of water via the roots of trees to and in deep ground reserves = increased evaporation of all surface water = heavier precipitation = removal of top soil as it is washed away by the rain, there being no roots of trees to bind it = reduced ability to plant and grow food = drought and famine!! All this is exacerbated by over grazing of grasses by man's domesticated animals.......man's stupid walk towards being 'civilised'. HUH. We are still there, today. Stupid.
moloton telemaque
moloton telemaque Місяць тому
Every race has been compromised by the sea-people, except blacks (so-called) aa they're from the underworld.
moloton telemaque
moloton telemaque 16 днів тому
+hallerd check flat earth map matey don't even bother
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
+moloton telemaque Proof?
moloton telemaque
moloton telemaque 16 днів тому
+hallerd you are lost sorry there is a place
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
There's no such thing as the underworld.
moloton telemaque
moloton telemaque Місяць тому
Sorry this is how everyone except blk ppl is not human 11th dimension truth is cold hard facts these sea ppl are not human but are demon Reptiles who has no soul and so-called blacks are the real Humans that hidden under bondage and through the curses put in place by THE MOST HIGH the true god of Israel, also research Timelife books entitled YOU ARE NOT HUMAN
Galva Tron
Galva Tron Місяць тому
If this dude denies gobleki tepi, he is not a worthy historian..... I would really want to know what he thinks about that
Leo, Januszewski
Leo, Januszewski Місяць тому
This was all immortalized by The Bangles in the 80s.
R Wm
R Wm Місяць тому
What was globalization in 1200 BCE other than trade? The alternative to trade was to have a lower quality of life or go to war to steal the resources. Trade worked better.
R Wm
R Wm Місяць тому
It would seem that the rebellions could be the result of the other things. During shortages the rulers keep taking care of themselves. The masses become more desperate as the rulers are weakened.
R Wm
R Wm Місяць тому
Good until the end where he exaggerates parallels between them and now. For example, the Greek economy today is a small part of the world economy. Then it was a major part. Every era has earthquakes and volcanoes and these days we have better ways of dealing with them. Every era has rebellion.
MegaAlphaandomega
MegaAlphaandomega Місяць тому
This is a thoroughly fascinating talk, but there may be a small error around 48mins regarding the ivory found on the Uluburun shipwreck, being both elephant and hippo in origin. Perhaps he meant rhino (rather than hippo) ivory, along with the lesser quantities of elephant ivory?
MegaAlphaandomega
MegaAlphaandomega Місяць тому
+Eric Cline Thank you for the reply and correcting my misunderstanding, but then - wow those hippos must have (or had) some rather large teeth, to keep the trade going. So I'm wondering why they might not have traded in rhino ivory also, but this may not be a question for which answers are known? In any case it is a matter of relatively insignificant detail. Now Dr. Cline, I would really like to watch/listen to your suggested 'other' talk regarding the exodus. Is it available? Also for many years I have been particularly interested in Pharaoh Akhenaten, his mother Queen Tye, Nefertiti, and of course his son Tutankhamen.
Eric Cline
Eric Cline Місяць тому
Not an error; ivory is from hippo teeth. See, e.g., nautarch.tamu.edu/class/316/uluburun/ . Thanks for watching!
Denis Williams
Denis Williams Місяць тому
excuse me...never heard of York??vikings were raiders and wanted to settle as well otherwise he's great👌👌
Webb.1098
Webb.1098 Місяць тому
Amazing you chose to ignore the Nubians all the way from Egypt to South Sudan
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
African Americans are west African. You're not Nubian bro lol
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
THIS IS CLASSIC EUROPEAN PSYCHOBABBLE MASQUERADING AS SCHOLARSHIP - There were so many intentionally misleading assertions, purveyed to assuage his and his audiences' collective culpability, that I would be here all day...so I will point out the easily verified. The Heqa Khaset, as the ancient Egyptians called them, did not mean 'Sea Peoples", it means the 'Followers of the Spirit of Set'. They called them red beings (Neanderthal genes), like Set, who were driven to ALL forms of Avarice (the name of their stronghold in the Nile Delta c. 1700 BCE). They brought the Plague with them to Egypt (at least 3 times) as they did to Indus Kush, Sumer, Minoan, Canaan, the Megalithic Cultures in France and Britain. This all occurred between 2100-1200 BCE. Yes, Joshua and his cohorts were Hyskos and they slaughtered the people of Canaan (and Egypt for a time) and took their virgin girls (and boys) as sex slaves. Their (your) god said it was a great thing to do and you never stopped. In South and Central America, the Spanish killed 70+ million in 55 years (1520-75), the white 'settlers', in North America, killed 50+ million (1620-1900), and that's a small part of the pie. Many of you think that getting rid of the rest of the Black people will solve your problems. However, we are your canaries in the coal mine, as we go you will soon follow. Ask yourself, has the Great Experiment worked? Has the mixing of Homo Sapien with Neanderthal genes created a more civilized or destructive man? Where are the more evolved among you? Has your religion and technology made the world a better place for all or pushed us toward the precipice of planetary destruction? IN THIS NEW AGE WE CAN ACHIEVE THE NEXT LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION, THROUGH PERCEPTION EXPANSION. ARE YOU A FOLLOWER OF THE KILLER GODS OR THE DAUGHTERS AND SONS OF THE ONE LAW?
Edward Moczydlowski
Edward Moczydlowski Місяць тому
The Chinese had final say in the re-alignment of the Earth's axis … placing the equator between themselves and Java … The Great Wall of China kept the Russians out, and frozen over … My spin.
vikram kaushesh
vikram kaushesh Місяць тому
Another man who doesn't know what he is talking about or talking bulshit Ancient Civilizations No mention of Indian Civilization
Bob Smithies
Bob Smithies 23 дні тому
India has always been a backward agricultural society. How else could 3000 Britishers conquer the whole of |India ?
Me Myself
Me Myself Місяць тому
I have to correct you on one thing. I don't think it was called Israel back then
thomasucc
thomasucc Місяць тому
Enjoyable
thomasucc
thomasucc Місяць тому
It was the Irish
Sandy Combs
Sandy Combs Місяць тому
There is a tremendous number of ancient writings from all over the world that indicates there were world catastrophes leading to the destruction of most people and civilizations during this time. Yet, academics completely reject these writings as all imagination? It seems ridiculous to explain the collapse of all these incredible civilizations to the sea people. The ancient writings tell of a comet that caused great global destruction.
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
THIS IS CLASSIC EUROPEAN PSYCHOBABBLE MASQUERADING AS SCHOLARSHIP - There were so many intentionally misleading assertions, purveyed to assuage his and his audiences' collective culpability, that I would be here all day...so I will point out the easily verified. The Heqa Khaset, as the ancient Egyptians called them, did not mean 'Sea Peoples", it means the 'Followers of the Spirit of Set'. They called them red beings (Neanderthal genes), like Set, who were driven to ALL forms of Avarice (the name of their stronghold in the Nile Delta c. 1700 BCE). They brought the Plague with them to Egypt (at least 3 times) as they did to Indus Kush, Sumer, Minoan, Canaan, the Megalithic Cultures in France and Britain. This all occurred between 2100-1200 BCE. Yes, Joshua and his cohorts were Hyskos and they slaughtered the people of Canaan (and Egypt for a time) and took their virgin girls (and boys) as sex slaves. Their (your) god said it was a great thing to do and you never stopped. In South and Central America, the Spanish killed 70+ million in 55 years (1520-75), the white 'settlers', in North America, killed 50+ million (1620-1900), and that's a small part of the pie. Many of you think that getting rid of the rest of the Black people will solve your problems. However, we are your canaries in the coal mine, as we go you will soon follow. Ask yourself, has the Great Experiment worked? Has the mixing of Homo Sapien with Neanderthal genes created a more civilized or destructive man? Where are the more evolved among you? Has your religion and technology made the world a better place for all or pushed us toward the precipice of planetary destruction? IN THIS NEW AGE WE CAN ACHIEVE THE NEXT LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION, THROUGH PERCEPTION EXPANSION. ARE YOU A FOLLOWER OF THE KILLER GODS OR THE DAUGHTERS AND SONS OF THE ONE LAW?
Chris Houde
Chris Houde Місяць тому
Fantastic video
daniloonuk
daniloonuk Місяць тому
I am the leader of 21 st century sea people and here i give in, just joking. Ye the cradle of civilization and in all my knowledge they were quite successful regarding how long they lived in peace and harmony.
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
THIS IS CLASSIC EUROPEAN PSYCHOBABBLE MASQUERADING AS SCHOLARSHIP - There were so many intentionally misleading assertions, purveyed to assuage his and his audiences' collective culpability, that I would be here all day...so I will point out the easily verified. The Heqa Khaset, as the ancient Egyptians called them, did not mean 'Sea Peoples", it means the 'Followers of the Spirit of Set'. They called them red beings (Neanderthal genes), like Set, who were driven to ALL forms of Avarice (the name of their stronghold in the Nile Delta c. 1700 BCE). They brought the Plague with them to Egypt (at least 3 times) as they did to Indus Kush, Sumer, Minoan, Canaan, the Megalithic Cultures in France and Britain. This all occurred between 2100-1200 BCE. Yes, Joshua and his cohorts were Hyskos and they slaughtered the people of Canaan (and Egypt for a time) and took their virgin girls (and boys) as sex slaves. Their (your) god said it was a great thing to do and you never stopped. In South and Central America, the Spanish killed 70+ million in 55 years (1520-75), the white 'settlers', in North America, killed 50+ million (1620-1900), and that's a small part of the pie. Many of you think that getting rid of the rest of the Black people will solve your problems. However, we are your canaries in the coal mine, as we go you will soon follow. Ask yourself, has the Great Experiment worked? Has the mixing of Homo Sapien with Neanderthal genes created a more civilized or destructive man? Where are the more evolved among you? Has your religion and technology made the world a better place for all or pushed us toward the precipice of planetary destruction? IN THIS NEW AGE WE CAN ACHIEVE THE NEXT LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION, THROUGH PERCEPTION EXPANSION. ARE YOU A FOLLOWER OF THE KILLER GODS OR THE DAUGHTERS AND SONS OF THE ONE LAW?
Gary Webb
Gary Webb Місяць тому
This is why science is based on faith. Did anyone else notice what he said at the 7:35 point?
Gary Webb
Gary Webb 16 днів тому
+hallerd You need to look in the mirror. And you are correct on one point, humility is the best quality in a person. I wish you well.
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
+Gary Webb Why do you think you are smart? Humility is more virtuous than intelligence anyways. As far as salt is concerned, it's about the sodium potassium balance, and so salt refers to different salts with different chemical properties. Piltdown man has been widely considered to be a hoax by the entire scientific community for 100 years. It's ok to be stupid Gary, just don't pretend that your lack of an education is just as good as a real education.
Gary Webb
Gary Webb 16 днів тому
+hallerd Butter is bad/butter is good, salt is bad/salt is good, eggs are bad/eggs are good, global cooling/global warming/climate change! Did I miss anything? Oh yes, PILTDOWN MAN. Science is a false god.
hallerd
hallerd 16 днів тому
We get it, you worship Trump.
Conor Loughran
Conor Loughran Місяць тому
Economic warfare then all out war due to balance of payments or debt cancellation by the new pharaoh ie ramses lll!
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
THIS IS CLASSIC EUROPEAN PSYCHOBABBLE MASQUERADING AS SCHOLARSHIP - There were so many intentionally misleading assertions, purveyed to assuage his and his audiences' collective culpability, that I would be here all day...so I will point out the easily verified. The Heqa Khaset, as the ancient Egyptians called them, did not mean 'Sea Peoples", it means the 'Followers of the Spirit of Set'. They called them red beings (Neanderthal genes), like Set, who were driven to ALL forms of Avarice (the name of their stronghold in the Nile Delta c. 1700 BCE). They brought the Plague with them to Egypt (at least 3 times) as they did to Indus Kush, Sumer, Minoan, Canaan, the Megalithic Cultures in France and Britain. This all occurred between 2100-1200 BCE. Yes, Joshua and his cohorts were Hyskos and they slaughtered the people of Canaan (and Egypt for a time) and took their virgin girls (and boys) as sex slaves. Their (your) god said it was a great thing to do and you never stopped. In South and Central America, the Spanish killed 70+ million in 55 years (1520-75), the white 'settlers', in North America, killed 50+ million (1620-1900), and that's a small part of the pie. Many of you think that getting rid of the rest of the Black people will solve your problems. However, we are your canaries in the coal mine, as we go you will soon follow. Ask yourself, has the Great Experiment worked? Has the mixing of Homo Sapien with Neanderthal genes created a more civilized or destructive man? Where are the more evolved among you? Has your religion and technology made the world a better place for all or pushed us toward the precipice of planetary destruction? IN THIS NEW AGE WE CAN ACHIEVE THE NEXT LEVEL OF CIVILIZATION, THROUGH PERCEPTION EXPANSION. ARE YOU A FOLLOWER OF THE KILLER GODS OR THE DAUGHTERS AND SONS OF THE ONE LAW?
Paleo Man
Paleo Man Місяць тому
Excellent-lecture,-very-captivating.-Your-thesis-is-spot-on.
Paleo Man
Paleo Man Місяць тому
I-cant-thank-you-enough-for-clarifying-that-issue.DMT-is-somewhat-hard-to-come-by-in-an-unadulterated-form-so-instead-the-"go-to"-of-choice-is-known-as-"Crocodile"-A-charming-concoction-created-by-none-other-than-Putin's-little-stooges.-A-lovely-side-effect-is-gangrenous-tissue-which-exfoliates-rather-quickly-leaving-bone-exposed-on-hands,arms-feet-etc.Google-it-for-a-late-night-story.....Cheers!
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
+Paleo Man No, It's the Neanderthal genes on your 2nd, 3rd and 5th chromosomes. However, you can still ascend but you'll need lots of DMT
Paleo Man
Paleo Man Місяць тому
I-am-a-challenged-Mongolian.The-extra-y-chromosome-and-Downs-syndrome-results-in-many-questioning-my-motives.
Harold Morris
Harold Morris Місяць тому
+Paleo Man You're a barbarian, my comments were not for you...I'm speaking to the more evolved among your group...
Paleo Man
Paleo Man Місяць тому
Negative-ned-there-red-rider.Dr.-Feelgood-threw-a-rod-on-the-hershey-highway-while-driving-hard-up-in-uranus.So-he-is-chilling-in-your-crib-while-you-both-idle-away-the-time-playing-pocketpool-at-your-sausagefest.Cheers-mate.
hank fontaine
hank fontaine Місяць тому
do you have a spirit guide one cursed to walk the earth
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